Sensory integration dysfunction

Dysfunction Sensory integration DisorderSensory integration dysfunction most frequently asked questions and answersSensory integration dysfunction or also known as sensory processing disorder is a neurological disorder which results in eventual information processing from the five senses that one possesses, these being auditory, visual, olfactory, taste and touch. A person suffering from this disorder also tends to suffer from a sense of imbalance that is related to ones vestibular system and ones positional sense this is known as proprioception. For people suffering from sensory integration dysfunction or (SID) is it is also known the process of information processing for the senses is fairly normal, but the perception of the stimulus is in fact abnormal. This to make it clear is not similar to deafness or blindness which is actual sensory disorders in which the information is not received at all because of an underlying physiological disorder. In this case however the information is received by the brain but is processed in an abnormal way meaning that it is not an underlying physical condition that causes the problem but more of a psychological problem. Sensory integration dysfunction is not necessarily related to autism spectrum disorder or attention deficit disorder specifically. But research has shown a predisposition for children suffering from this condition to eventually develop a form of SID. Particularly for autistic children the incidence is relatively high. A new age therapy known as autistic child music therapy has shown that it tends to decrease the incidence of SID progression in these children. The therapy centers on conditioning a child to respond to a musical stimulus. For the treatment to work effectively a dedicated teacher for the autistic child is required, since the sensory integration is actually the ability to take in information through the senses of touch, movement, smell, vision, taste and hearing and eventually to combine all these stimulus’s with the information received earlier to form a correlation with memories and information already stored in the brain. This is quite a complex process if broken down. For normal individuals it is a completely involuntary response but for people suffering from the disorder it is more way more challenging.Most commonly asked questions and answers about sensory integration dysfunction. Why does SID happen? Well the answer is the disorder tends to happen in children whose brain chemistry or structure is atypical; these are ADHD, aspergers syndrome, autism or cerebral palsy. Children tend to get over the disorder in time and develop coping mechanisms for the disorder itself. Another common question is: what signs I should look for? The most frequent and easily visualized symptom of the disorder is depth perception, misjudging distances, over reaction and under reaction to certain conditions that would garner a different response, lack of coordination, disturbed by lights and aloofness are just a few examples. Next what can be done? Understanding the child’s specific sensitivity profile will help you determine the exact teaching technique that would work best for your child, most importantly patience and psychotherapy have to be provided.