Kidney Function A Routine Test Could Improve Your Blood Pressure by Taking it to an Acceptable Low

Blood Kidney function TestHow a Routine Blood Test Can Change Your Life and Your Kidney Function: Each day normal kidneys process approximately two hundred quarts of blood which they filter and process. The chemicals that the body needs are released back into the blood and the waste and excess water goes into the bladder where it leaves the body via urine. Approximately two quarts of waste product and water is processed per day. If the kidneys were unable to remove the waste, it would build up in the blood and damage the body.

Kidney disease can strike without any symptoms so routine blood and urine tests are important because they may give the first indication of a problem. Taking the blood pressure, spot-checking for protein or albumin in the urine or a calculation of glomerular filtration rate based of a serum creatinine measurement or measuring the urea nitrogen in the blood could all be used to monitor kidney function.

High Blood Pressure is a Silent Killer and affects Kidney Function: Blood pressure is linked to the kidneys’ ability to maintain a normal sodium balance, fluid volume and blood volume. In people with normal kidney function, the body is able to adjust to higher sodium intake with out raising the blood pressure. If the kidneys are less able to manage the higher salt intake, chronic increases in fluid and blood volume increase and lead to high blood pressure. The blood vessels narrow and even a small increase in blood volume is compounded. An increase in arterial pressure can cause the kidney to release more sodium to restore the balance, but the high pressure in the arteries may persist. Introduction of medication and a low sodium diet will help to control high blood pressure. If not controlled, the higher pressure can cause malignant hypertension, stroke and even death. Because of the structure and of the function of the kidneys there is virtually no warning of high blood pressure; it is called the silent killer.

Improve Your Kidney Function and Improve Your Life: While chronic kidney disease cannot be cured, there are certainly things that can be done to make the kidneys last longer. A person with high blood pressure should use medication. Some people may require two medications and it is important that a diuretic is included. The body needs protein, but impaired kidneys may not be able to separate the protein from waste, so it would be best to limit the intake of protein. High cholesterol can also be a problem because the cholesterol can build up on the inside walls of the blood veins making it harder to pump the blood through the heart and causing heart attack or stroke. A good diet is very important and a dietitian may be needed to determine which food plan is best.

Low Kidney Function Could Signal Problems: Everyone should be aware of whether the kidneys are functioning properly. Since normal human kidneys release approximately two quarts of urine per day, it is important to be aware if functions are less than normal. If the kidneys fail completely, the damage could be irreversible. Dialysis or kidney transplantation may offer some relief, but untreated kidney failure could lead to seizures, coma and ultimately death.