The Occupational Ergonomics Handbook: Fitting for Anyone Interested in the Human Ergonomics Occupational Safety Factor

Handbook Human ergonomics Factor

What is the Human Ergonomics Factor?
Human ergonomics is the study of the fit between a person and their occupational and/or play environment. By making the environment suitable for a person and/or society, we mean whether or not products are designed or manufactured with the following factor or factors in mind: the capabilities, limitations, comfort, discomfort and safety of its society. A manufacturer must keep human ergonomics in mind when designing a product, as the design factor of any product is integral to the success of that product’s usability. The design factor is also integral to the human beings’ physical and psychological ability to adapt to that product in their environment.

Why Do We Need a Human Ergonomics Handbook?
The human ergonomics Occupational Handbook focuses on workplace safety, engineering design precautions aimed at elimination of job-related injuries, and working conditions where musculoskeletal injuries might occur (carpal tunnel syndrome)s, such as the relationship between computer and posture. Once engineers can factor human information such as limitation, cognitive ability, safety, comfort and discomfort in their design of a product, they are almost 100% sure of the success of that product. When a company decides to go with an internationalize series of a product, with the globalization of that product, a corporation must understand the cultural differences and design practices of each culture in order to succeed.

Human Ergonomics is Not Only Fitting, But Crucial in Today’s Technologically Advanced Society
With today’s rapidly evolving series technology, human ergonomics is essential. As millions of people sit at their computer all day long, ergonomics must take into account how computer and posture affect each other and come up with a suitable fit for the human being. It must also come up with a proactive approach to carpal tunnel syndrome, which is one of the effects typing at a computer all day long can have on an individual.

Human Ergonomics: Design Factor is Crucial in Task Performance
The ability to perform a task successfully is contingent upon human ergonomics. A very good example of this is during World War II. A study was conducted as to why even the best air pilots continued to crash their airplanes. Human ergonomics played a crucial role in these catastrophic crashes during World War II. As technology advanced during World War II, so did machinery and weaponry. With the technological advancement of machinery and weaponry the manufacturers failed to factor human information in their design. Along with the new machineries’ technological advancement came the need for the pilots’ cognitive ability to be taken into account. However, their cognitive ability was completely neglected. The controls on the machinery were not designed logically and could not be differentiated in airline cockpits. Subsequently, hand eye coordination became almost non-existent, ability to pay attention to the situation at hand became difficult, and more attention was paid to the new and confusing control panels of the aircraft. It was concluded that ergonomics needed to play a key factor in designing aircraft so that control panels would be designed logically and easily differentiable. Hence, we see that human ergonomics is crucial to even the smallest of design, such as the color of a control panel.