Types and Lesions of Spindle Cell Sarcoma: Spindle Cell Sarcoma is a type of connective tissue cancer that usually affects adults over the age of 40. However, it can also be present in dogs and cats, as well as younger humans. Spindle cell sarcoma is named after the spindle shape that the damaged cells take.
There are four different variations of spindle cell sarcoma that are common in the connective tissues around the human bones including undifferentiated sarcoma of the bone, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, fibrosarcoma and leiomyosarcoma.
The first type of spindle cell sarcoma is undifferentiated sarcoma of bone which means that the cells are not specialised. Basically the cells are not any of the other types of spindle cell sarcoma and thus they fall under the undifferentiated category.
The malignant fibrous histiocytoma are most common in the arms and legs. It is extremely rare and tends to be found in middle age adults. Fibrosarcoma usually affects the thigh bone while Leiomyosarcoma is so rare that little is known about it.
Symptoms, Diagnoses and Treatments of Spindle Cell Sarcoma: Bone cancer, including spindle cell sarcoma usually affects the lower thigh, shins and arms. There will be a lot of pain around the affected area which will worsen at night. It may be difficult to move in that area and there will be swelling. You may also experience tiredness, fever and weight loss when suffering from spindle cell sarcoma.
To diagnose spindle cell sarcoma or any other bone cancer, your doctor will perform a variety of tests including an X-ray, a biopsy, a bone scan or an MRI scan.
There are a variety of different treatment methods of spindle cell sarcoma including chemotherapy, radiology and surgery. In severe cases you may need to amputate the affected area if the cancer has spread and become too severe.
Feline Spindle Cell Sarcoma: Spindle cell sarcoma can also present itself in your beloved feline friend. In fact, soft tissue sarcomas, including spindle cell sarcomas comprise of approximately 7% of all skin tumours in cats. They can affect any part of the body and can be detected as a firm mass under the trunk, limbs or oral cavity. There are a variety of symptoms depending on where the tumour is located including vomiting, weight loss, bad breath, lameness, etc.
Spindle Cell Sarcoma in your Dog: Spindle cell sarcoma can also be present in your dog, especially older dogs. It takes on the same characteristics as spindle cell sarcoma in cats. There are several subtypes of spindle cell sarcoma and different grades depending on how bad the cancer is.
If your veterinarian confirms that your dog has spindle cell sarcoma, the results can be devastating. Many dogs live less than a year once being diagnosed. There are treatment options if the cancer is caught early on which include surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. If not, try to make the most of the time you have left. You may need to purchase some pain medications and move on to soft dog food and ramps to get around easier.