Nerve Compression: Ulnar, root and syndrome

Root Nerve compression UlnarNerve compression: Many painful articular disorders, as well as limb disorders are caused by compression of nerves that traverse that path. Examples of disorders related to nerve compression include cubital tunnel syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome and many more.: Nerve compression may be caused by one of many causes including structural deformities, associated pathologies such as cysts or occupation related disorders. Cubital tunnel syndrome is a condition that arises from pressure exerted on the ulnar nerve. The ulnar nerve is one of the main nerves of the hand and provides innervations to the interior of the hand. The syndrome can result in a variety of problems such as pain, swelling, weakness and unsteadiness of the hand, a tingling sensation and anesthesia of the hand have also been reported by patients.: The ulnar nerve provides innervations to the forearm and hand along with the thennar eminence of the palm, the path of the ulnar nerve is posterior to the elbow that is laterally to the medial epicondyle. When people complain of the funny bone sensation that is actually a sensation felt when the ulnar nerve is compressed due to a slight trauma along this epicondyle.: Sometimes this condition even makes an appearance when the nerve may be overly stretched and pushed up against the medial epicondyle when the elbow is bent. The most common complainants of this syndrome are people who involuntarily have a habit of sleeping with their elbows bent and under their head. This particular position tends to cause irritation to the ulnar nerve and in time can lead to progressive numbness of the ring or small finger, weakness of the forearm muscles and pain, in chronic cases permanent nerve damage may occur.Carpal tunnel syndrome is the compression of the nerve as it goes through the anatomical area known as carpal tunnel in the wrist usually this will be the median nerve. Carpal tunnel syndrome is very common and most commonly occurs in women between the ages of 30 and 50yrs.Most important Causes include arthritis, diabetes, decreased thyroid activity, acromegaly, amyloidosis, and pregnancy which produce swelling in the carpal tunnel. An activity that requires repetitive movements like flexion and extension of the wrist for example key board use; this may pose an occupational risk. Most often no underlying cause is found. Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include pain, tingling and numbness usually along the hand and wrist, which is supplied by median nerve (the thumb usually the palmar side, the radial side of ring figure, the index and the middle finger) but might also involve the entire hand. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a painful condition caused because of trapping or compression of the tibial nerve.: The tibial nerve is one of the main innervating nerves of the foot and ankle; it travels along the tibia curving downwards on the posterior side of the leg to reach the ankle. This region of the foot contains four compartments three of which are comprised of muscle insertions from the leg, whereas the fourth contain the tibial nerve and the posterior tibial vein and arteries.